Forest Collaboration

The word “collaboration” is used a great deal these days. If you find yourself in the world of forest management or the US Forest Service, it’s everywhere. So what does it mean how does it work?

The Oxford Dictionary says that collaboration is the action of working with someone to produce or create something. It also says that collaboration can mean traitorous cooperation with an enemy, but for our purposes we’re attempting to operate under the first definition. Simply put, community members, organizations, and other interested parties come together to discuss what is taking place within the forest, specifically the local National Forest. Once a collaborative group is formed, the basic foundation of meetings revolves around land management decisions, which often pertain to local Forest Service lands. This is a good way to coordinate comments from a large segment of the interested and informed public.

So why is collaboration so important? It’s important because the Forest Service needs a way to effectively and systematically communicate with the public and relevant organizations. In the past, the Forest Service would ask the public to comment on a proposed action they wanted to perform. When feedback was collected, conflicting opinions from various groups resulted in ambiguity on what the Forest Service should do. Ultimately, the Forest Service team was tasked with interpreting mixed feedback and making adjustments to proposed projects. In many cases, adjustments were not satisfactory to the groups and individuals commenting on proposals. Unfortunately, this resulted in objections to projects, and in some cases, lawsuits were filed against the Forest Service in attempt to bring projects to a halt. This process was unproductive and frustrating. With collaboration, groups and people from the public with conflicting views are able to meet prior to commenting on Forest Service proposals. This is where they can discuss and settle on what actions they would like to see performed. This allows progress and appeases all parties involved.

A group of Northeast Washington Forestry Coalition members start out of a field trip for a prospective project.
A group of Northeast Washington Forestry Coalition members start out of a field trip for a prospective project.

In 2003, the Healthy Forest Restoration Act formally paved the way for the use of collaboration. Some groups were already formed, but most groups were still in their infancies. It may have been most important to gain the support of the Forest Service. As a federal organization that had been highly scrutinized, their level of trust with the forest industry, the environmental groups, and every group in between was at an all-time low. These groups needed legitimacy and the Forest Service needed direction. Collaboration became the light at the end of a long tunnel.

Collaborative discussions about an upcoming project
Collaborative discussions about an upcoming project

Collaboration is a long-term commitment that requires trust, dedication and an understanding that there are no quick fixes. After all, these are forests and they require generational thinking and planning. The first step in collaboration is forming the collaborative group, or coalition. Usually in a given National Forest there exists a core group that already works on forest issues. In the case of the Northeast Washington Forestry Coalition, the founding group members were Duane Vaagen, second generation owner and president of Vaagen Brothers Lumber and Tim Coleman, founding member and Executive Director of the Kettle Range Conservation Group. The two individuals were on opposing ends of the Timber Wards in the 80’s and 90’s, but chose to convene to determine if there was a willingness to communicate. In 2002 they formed what has become the strong coalition that exists today. Fast forward to 2016 and this group, which has a functioning board and the support of many local businesses, community leaders and elected officials, has successfully collaborated on nearly 40 projects on the Colville National Forest. This coalition is not alone, and there are groups with similar stories and varying levels of success throughout the inter-mountain west.

Another shot of the group looking at trees and discussion future action
Another shot of the group looking at trees and discussing future action

These groups meet, develop trusting relationships, and establish ground rules and guidelines in order to help the Forest Service identify and manage landscapes. There are still naysayers. Some even believe that collaboration only means traitorous cooperation with an enemy, but the groups still move forward. These groups and their members are hopeful that collaboration starts to work as a funnel for comments and concerns for the collective interest of the forest. Resolving issues ahead of time and working with the Forest Service professionals helps ensure projects have a high degree of success. Each successful project leads to better outcomes and a smoother decision-making process. History will decide whether collaboration is a great success or not, but after having been involved with Forest Service collaboration for 14 years it is my opinion that we’re on the verge of making lasting changes that future generations will be proud of and grateful for.

Carbon Footprint

With fires burning larger each and every year, its easy to chalk it up to “Climate change” or “Global Warming”. What if its not only an indicator of a changing climate, but a serious contributor?  Last year in Washington State we had approximately 1 million acres burn in a variety of intensities that included scrub brush, grass and more notably forests.

It’s been reported that the smoke from those fires were the second leading contributor to carbon pollution in the state behind the transportation sector.  It’s also been said that only 1/3 of the carbon is released in a fire that is stored in the trees.  If that’s the case, forest fires will be far and away the largest contributor to carbon pollution in our state as well as other western forests that burn.

So what’s the solution?  Actually we already have much of it figured out.  We just aren’t doing a very good job telling the story.  In Northeast Washington we’ve been collaborating with conservation groups and forest companies to thin the forest.  We call it restoration work.  This is where we removed the small and medium sized trees in order to leave a healthy forest.  What is a healthy forest?  It’s a forest where the trees have the room to grow to their potential.  They have the nutrients, water, sunlight, and space to be healthy.  Pretty simple.

The other thing this space does is provide less fuel for the fires.  That’s why we also call these activity fuels reduction projects.  When lightning strikes in the heart of the summer and it starts a fire, it allows fire fighters the opportunity to safely manage the wildfire.  And if the fire stays on the forest floor it actually has a cleaning affect that’s beneficial for the forest.

The by product of this activity is lumber.  That’s right.  Two by fours and two by six’s.  They can make all kinds of products from small projects on your deck to entire homes, and in the case of glulam beams and cross laminated timber; entire buildings.  All the while helping solve the carbon pollution issue.  Doesn’t it make sense to help make our forests healthy while making products that we can all use?

Managing our forest responsibly reduces fires, thus reducing our carbon footprint at the macro level.